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全国2006年1月高等教育自学考试基础英语试题5

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四、阅读理解(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分) 本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个选项,选择一个答案完成句子。错选、多选或未选均无分。Passage 1 There are different ways in which people try to deal with the problem of energy. One way is the greater production of common energy sources, such as coal, oil and gas. The trouble with these sources, however, is that they are not renewable. Another way is energy conservation, which means using energy more efficiently. In some very cold countries people build special houses to save energy. They place materials between the inside and the outside of the walls of the house to keep the cold out and the warmth in. The house is heated by the lights, the body heat of the people and the other equipment in it. Finally, renewable energy sources are used even though they are often expensive to develop. One form of these is geothermal energy. In certain parts of the world, the temperature of the earth increases thirty degrees centigrade with each kilometre down. At six kilometres, therefore, it rises to nearly two hundred degrees. To get the heat, water is pumped down into the rocks and back up to the surface. Heat from the earth is already used in certain countries.56.How many ways of dealing the energy problem are discussed in the text?A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five.57.From the text we learn that coal ______.A. is quite easy to produceB. is one of the common source of energyC. is not used most efficiently D. could be renewed only by new technology58.The writer tells about the “special houses” because they ______.A. show the excellent skills of the buildersB. serve as an example of energy conservationC. are heated by different sources of energyD. are warmer than other types of houses59.The underlined words “geothermal energy” in the third paragraph mean ______.A. renewable source B. underground sourceC. heat inside the earth D. temperature of the earth 60.At a place where the surface temperature is 15℃, how deep do you have to dig so as to get a temperature of 75℃?A. One km. B. Two km.C. Three km. D. Four km.