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2006年10月自考“英语(二)”(京含答案)2

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III. Reading Comprehension

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes are about people. “Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen?” “When I got that great job, did Jim really feel good about it, as a friend? Or did he envy my luck?” “Why didn’t I realize that Paul was friendly just because I had a car?” When we look back, doubts like these can make up feel bad. But when we look back, it’s too late.

Why do we go wrong about our friends or our enemies? Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning. If we don’t really listen, we miss the feeling behind the words. Suppose someone tells you, “You’re a lucky dog.” Is he really on your side? If he says, “You’re a lucky boy” or “You’re a lucky girl”, that’s being friendly. But there’s a bit of envy in “lucky dog.” Maybe he doesn’t see it himself. But bringing in the “dog” bit puts you down a little. What he may be saying is that he doesn’t think you deserve your luck.

“Just think of all the things you have to be thankful for” is another noise that says one thing and means another. It could mean that the speaker is trying to get you to see your problem as part of your life as a whole. But is he? Wrapped up in this phrase is the thought that your problem isn’t important. It’s telling you to think of all the starving people in the world when you haven’t got a date for Saturday night.

How can you tell the real meaning behind someone’s words? One way is to take a good look at the person talking. Do his words fit the way he looks? Does what he says square with the tone of voice? His gesture? The look in his eyes? Stop and think.

The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people say to you many save another mistake.

21. According to the writer, when people look back it is too late, because .

A. mistakes have already been made B. mistakes can made them feel bad

C. they are unaware of their mistakes D. they are doubtful of their friends

22. People make mistakes when they fail to

A. deal with others with due friendliness B. hide their true feelings in what they say

C. realize they deserve what they have got D. see the real meaning of what others say

23. Judging from the phrase “just think of all the things you have to be thankful for”, it is clear that the speaker actually lacks .

A. optimism B. sympathy C. motivation D. courage

24. To be a successful listener, one is advised to

A. ask the speaker as many questions as he can B. observe the speaker as carefully as possible C. listen to the speaker as attentively as he can D. challenge the speaker as actively as possible 25. The passage aims to tell readers how to .

A. interpret what people say B. interpret what money means

C. avoid mistakes about people D. avoid mistakes about money