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2006年10月全国自考“基础英语”试题4

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三、完形填空(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)选择答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。 Thirtysix of the developing countries 41 considered by the United Nations to be the “ 42 developed countries”. Most of 43 are small in terms of 44 and population. Some are landlocked (陆围的) or small island 45 . They are 46 characterized by low per capital incomes, literacy 47 , and medical standards; subsistence agriculture (生存农业); 48 a lack of exploitable minerals and competitive industries. Many 49 from aridity (干旱), floods, hurricanes and 50 animal and plant pests. Most are 51 in the zone 10 to 30 degrees north latitude. These countries have 52 prospect of rapid economic development 53 the foreseeable future. They are 54 to remain heavily dependent 55 official development assistance for many years. 41. A. are B. am C. is D. will be 42. A. most B. least C. best D. worst 43. A. them B. they C. us D. we 44. A.land B. place C. area D. region 45. A.counties B. countries C. states D. lands46. A. differently B. especially C. generally D. specially 47. A. place B. position C. levels D. standard 48. A. and B. but C. for D. so 49. A. to suffer B. suffer C. suffers D. suffering 50. A. sufficient B. few C. enough D. excessive 51. A. locate B. lies C. lied D. situated 52. A. little B. few C. lot D. a few53. A. at B. for C. on D. in 54. A. definitely B. probably C. like D. likely 55. A. upon B. to C. up D. for 四、阅读理解(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个选项,选择答案完成句子。错选、多选或未选均无分。Passage 1In the earliest stages of man’s development he had no more need of money than animals have. He was content with very simple forms of shelter, made his own rough tools and weapons and could provide food and clothing for himself and his family from natural materials around him. As he became more civilized, however, he began to want better shelter, more efficient tools and weapons, and more comfortable and more lasting clothing than could be provided by his own neighbourhood or by the work of his own unskilled hands. For these things he had to turn to the skilled people such as smiths, leather workers or carpenters who were springing up everywhere. It was then that the question of payment arose. At first he got what he wanted by a simple process of exchange. The smith who had not the time to look after land or cattle was glad to take meat or grain from the farmer in exchange for an axe or a plough. But as more and more goods which had no fixed exchange value came on the market, exchange became too complicated to be satisfactory. Another problem arose when those who made things wanted to get stocks of wood or leather, or iron, but had nothing to offer in exchange until their finished goods were ready. Thus the difficulties of exchange led by degrees to the invention of money. In some countries, easily handled things like seeds or shells were given a certain value and the farmer, instead of paying the smith for a new axe by giving him some meat or grain, gave him so many shells. If the smith had any shells left when he had bought his food, he could get stocks of the raw materials of his trade. In some countries quite large things such as cows or camels or even big flat stones were used for trade. Later, pieces of metal, bearing values according to the rarity of the metal and the size of the pieces, or coins were used. Money as we know had arrived.

56. In very early times ________. A. children did not need moneyB. men needed animals more than they needed moneyC. men did not need money at allD. men needed money more than animals did

57. As men became more civilized they ________. A. all learnt to make what they wanted themselvesB. had to travel a lot to look for what they wantedC. got things from other people who knew how to make them better D. found everything more expensive

58. When they began the system of exchange ________. A. the smith took some meat to the farmer B. the farmer gave an axe to the smithC. the smith gave an axe or a plough to the farmer D. the farmer took some grain from the smith

59. Before people used metal coins they used________. A. shells or seeds because they could be easily handled B. camels even though they were large C. flat stones even though they were large D. all of the above

60. Money was not used until ________. A. an urgent need for it was felt B. a simple process of exchange came to be practicedC. nothing could be offered in exchange D. the exchange of one thing for another became too complicated