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浙江省2002年7月高等教育自学考试综合英语(二)试题3

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Ⅵ.Read the following passages and complete the statements or answer the questions with the correct choices.Write your right letters on the Answer Sheet:(20%)Passage 1 “Family” is of course an elastic(弹性的) word.But when British people say that their society is based on family life,they are thinking of “family” in its narrow,peculiarly European sense of mother,father,and children living together alone in their own house as an economic and social unit.Thus,every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and independent family—hence the tremendous importance of marriage in British life.For both the man and the woman,marriage means leaving one's parents and starting one's own life.The man's first duty will then be to his wife,and the wife's to her husband.He will be entirely responsible for her financial support,and she for the running of the new home.Their children will be their common responsibility and theirs alone.Neither the wife's parents nor the husband's,nor their brothers or sisters,aunts or uncles,have any right to interfere with them—they are their own masters. Readers of novels like Jane Austin's Pride and Prejudice will know that in former times marriage among wealthy families were arranged by the girl's parents,that is,it was the parents' duty to find a suitable husband for their daughter,preferably a rich one,and by skillful encouragement—lead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her.Until that time,the girl was protected and maintained in the parents' home and the financial relief(减轻) of getting rid of her could be seen in their giving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry(嫁妆).It is very different today.Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before their marriage.This has had two results.A girl chooses her own husband,and she gets no dowry.1.What does the author mean by “Family is of course an elastic word"?A.Different families have different ways of life.B.Different times produce different families.C.Different nations have different families.D.Different definitions could be given to the word.2.For an English family,the husband's duty is ______.A.financial while the wife's is running the homeB.defending the family which the wife's is running the homeC.supporting the family while the wife's is financialD.independent while the wife's is dependent3.Everything is decided in a family ______.A.with the help of their parents B.by the coupleC.by brothers and sisters D.with the help of aunts and uncles4.What is true concerning the book Pride and Prejudice?A.It is the best book on marriage.B.It is a handbook of marriage.C.It provides a lot of information of formertime wealthy familiesD.It gives quite some idea of English social life in the past.5.With regard to marriage in Britain,present-ay girls differ from former-ime girls in ______.A.the right family B.more parental supportC.social position D.choosing husbands