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2000年上半年全国高教自考英语(二)2

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Ⅱ.Cloze Test(10 points, 1 point for each) 下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出答案,并在答题纸上 将相应的字母涂黑。

Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension(30 points, 2 pints for each) 从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个答案,并在答案纸上将相应的字母 涂黑。 Passage One Question 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. Art, said Picasso, is a lie that makes us realize the truth. So is a map. We do not usually associate the precise work of the map maker with a fanciful object of art. Yet a map has many qualities that a painting or a poem has. It is truth realized in a symbolic way, holding meanings it does not express on the surface. And like work of art, it requires imaginative reading. Thus, map and reality are not, and cannot be, identical. No aspect of map use is so obvious yet so often overlooked. Most map reading mistakes occur because the user forgets this vital fact and expects a one-to-one correspondence between map and reality. A map, like a painting, is just one special version of reality. To understand a painting, you must have some idea of the medium which was used by the artist. You wouldn’t expect a water color to look anything like an oil painting or a charcoal (木碳)drawing, even if the subject matter of all three were identical. In the same way, the techniques used to create maps will greatly influence the final representation. As a map reader, you should always be aware of the invisible hand of the map maker. Never use a map without asking yourself how it has been biased by the methods used to make it. If the entire map making process operates at its full potential, communication takes place between the map maker and the user. The map maker translates reality into the clearest possible picture under the circumstances, and the map reader converts this picture back into an impression of the environment. For such communication to take place, the map reader as the map maker must know something about how maps are created. 21. Map is a lie _________ . [A] that has little truth in it [B] that few of us believe [C] that we use to express the truth [D] that cheats people in a tricky way

22. Map resembles art in that ________ . [A] they are both absolute lies [B] they are both precise as well as fanciful [C] they must be read with imagination [D] they both express meanings in a superficial way

23. Most map reading mistakes occur because ________ . [A] the map is not made according to reality [B] there are obvious differences between the map and reality [C] the user forgets the one-to-one correspondence between the map and reality [D] the user overlooks the gap between the map and reality

24. “the invisible hand of the map maker”(in Paragraph 3)refers to ________ . [A] the techniques used to create maps [B] the subject matter of the map [C] the symbols used in the map [D] the final representation of the map

25. The last paragraph describes mainly ________ . [A] how maps are created [B] what the communication between the map maker and the reader is [C] how the map maker translates reality into a picture [D] how the reader converts the picture back into reality