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全国2008年10月高等教育自学考试基础英语试题2

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三、完形填空(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分) 选择答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。   James wrote a play for television, about an immigrant family who came to England from Pakistan, and the problems they had in England. The play was a surprising success, and it was bought by an American TV company.   James was invited to go to New York to 41 the production. He lived in Dulwich, 42 is an hour’s journey 43 Heathrow. The flight was 44 leave at 8∶30 a.m., so he had to be at the airport at about 7∶30 in the morning. He ordered a mini-cab for 6∶30, 45 his alarm clock for 5∶45, and 46 sleep.47he forgot to wind the clock, and it stopped shortly after midnight. Also the driver of the mini-cab had to work very late that night and48 . James woke with that awful feeling 49 something was wrong. He looked at his alarm clock. It stopped there silently, with the hands 50 to ten past twelve. He turned on the radio and discovered that it was, in fact, ten to nine. He swore quietly and 51 the electric kettle.   He was just pouring the 52 water into the teapot 53 the nine o’clock pips sounded 54 the radio. The announcer began to read the news “…reports are coming in of a crash near Heathrow Airport. A Boeing 707 bound for New York crashed shortly after taking 55 this morning. Flight number 2234…” James turned pale.   “My flight,” he said out aloud. “If I had not overslept, I would have been on that plane.” 41. A. help B. help out C. be helpful with D. help with42. A. that B. which C. it D. as43. A. out of B. far from C. away from D. away off44. A. due to B. set to C. decided to D. ordered to 45. A. put B. putting C. set D. setting 46. A. going to B. go to C. to go to D. went to47.A. Fortunately B. Luckily C. Unfortunately D. Happily 48. A. oversleeps B. overslept C. overstays D. overstayed49. A. that B. which C. it D. as50. A. pointing B. points C. pointed D. to point 51. A. switched out B. switched on C. switched down D. switched off 52. A. boiled B. boiling C. being boiled D. being boiling53. A. while B. as C. during D. when54. A. in B. on C. out of D. inside55. A. off B. down C. away D. out

四、阅读理解(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分) 本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个选项,选择答案完成句子。错选、多选或未选均无分。 Passage 1   There have been many great inventions, which have changed the way we live. The first great invention was one that is still very important today - the wheel. This made it easier to carry heavy things and to travel long distances. For hundreds of years after that there were few inventions that had as much effect as the wheel. Then in the early 1900s the world started to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People did not have to explore much any more. They began to work instead to make life better. In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made. Among them were the camera, the electric light and the radio. These all became a big part of our life today.   The first part of the 20th century saw more great inventions∶ the helicopter in 1909, movies with sound in 1926, the computer in 1928, and planes in 1930. This was also a time when a new material was first made. Nylon came out in 1935. It changed the kind of clothes people wear. The middle part of the 20th century brought new ways to help people get over diseases. They worked very well. They made people healthier and let them live longer lives. By the 1960s most people could expect to live to be at least 60. By this time most people lived a very good life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. But man now had a desire to explore again. The world was known to man but the stars were not. Man began looking for ways to go into space. Russia made the first step. Then the United States took a step. Since then other countries, including China and Japan, have made their steps into space. In 1969 man took his biggest step away from earth. Americans first walked on the moon. However, this is certainly just a beginning. New inventions will someday allow us to do things we have never yet dreamed of. 56. The first great invention was ______. A. the wheel B. the camera C. movies D. nylon

57. People stopped exploring a lot in ______. A. the second half of the 19th century B. the 1960s C. the first part of the 20th century D. the early 1900s

58. In the following inventions, ______ was an important one in the 19th century. A. movies with sound B. the radio C. nylon D. the computer

59. The first step into space was made by the people from ______. A. Japan B. Russia C. the United States D. China

60. The possible title for the passage might be______ . A. Great Inventions of the 20th Century B. How Wheels, Cameras and Computers Were Invented? C. People’s Attitudes towards Inventions D. Great Inventions Influence Our Way of Living

Passage 2   I was being tested for a driving licence for the third time. I had been asked to drive in heavy traffic and had done so successfully. After having been instructed to drive out of town, I began to acquire confidence. Sure that I had passed. I was almost beginning to enjoy my test. The examiner must have been pleased with my performance, for he smiled and said, “Just one more thing, Mr. Eames. Let us suppose that a child suddenly crosses the road in front of you. As soon as I tap on the window, I want the car to be stopped immediately.” I continued driving and after some time, the examiner tapped loudly. Though the sound could be heard clearly, it took me a long time to react. I suddenly pressed the brake pedal hard and we were thrown forward. The examiner looked at me sadly. “Mr. Eames,” he said, in a mournful voice, “you’ve just killed that child.” 61.When the driver was asked to drive out of town he began to feel confident because ______.A. he was being tested for the third time B. he was driving away from the heavy traffic C. he had done wonderfully well in driving through the heavy traffic D. he didn’t kill the child

62.He was beginning to enjoy his test because ______. A. he was now in the open country B. he was sure that he had passed C. he had a feeling that the examiner was agreeable D. the examiner told him to do one more thing

63.The examiner smiled at him, so he thought that the examiner______ . A. was satisfied with what he had done so far B. was going to be more pleasant with him C. was feeling happy D. was kind

64.When the examiner tapped loudly on the window, the driver ______ . A. pressed the brake pedal hard immediately B. failed to stop the car at the signal C. heard the tapping only a long time later D. stopped the car right away

65.We can well imagine that in the end the driver ______ . A. must have been arrested for having killed a child B. must have failed in the test C. must have damaged his car badly D. must have passed the test

五、单词或短语的英汉互译(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分) (一)将下列词语译成中文 (5分) 66. raw material 67. manufactured goods 68. downtown business district 69. the required reserve 70. mass productions

(二)将下列词语译成英文 (5分) 71. 金融中心 72. 名胜古迹 73. 劣质产品 74. 稳定状态 75. 广告媒体

六、英汉句子互译 (本大题共4小题,每小题3-4分,共15分) (一)将下列句子译成中文 76. It is this terrible wastefulness that has got us into the mess we are in now.(4分) 77. The Chinese guarded the secret of their silk manufacture carefully. (4分)

(二)将下列句子译成英文 78. 当然,需求仍然是购物最重要的理由。 (4分) 79. 我们的产品设计新颖,会吸引你方顾客。(3分)