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浙江省2002年1月高等教育自学考试基础英语试题3

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五、阅读理解(共25分) 本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个供选择的答案。请选择一个答案。Passage 1 It is a matter of common observation that although incomes keep going up over the years, we never seem to become much better off! Prices are rising continuously. This condition is called one of inflation; the money supply is becoming inflated so that each unit of it becomes less valuable. We have grown accustomed in recent years to higher and higher rates of inflation. What could be bought ten years ago for one dollar now costs well over two dollars. Present indications are that this rate of inflation is tending to rise rather than to fall. If in the real world our money incomes go up at the same rate as prices one might think that inflation does not matter. But it does. When money is losing value it lacks one of the qualities of a good money — stability of value. It is no longer acceptable as a store of value; and it becomes an unsuitable standard of deferred(延期的) payments. Nobody wants to hold a wasting asset, so people try to get rid of money as quickly as possible. Inflation therefore stimulates consumers spending and holds back saving.1.According to the passage, inflation is a situation in which ______.A.money increases in its valueB.money keeps losing its valueC.it s always easy to find better paying jobsD.employment remains to be a problem.2.In the author's opinion, if incomes and prices rise together ______.A.inflation is still a probelmB.money will hold its valueC.consumers will spend a lot of money buying articlesD.there will be no market fluctuations3.It is stated in the passage that over the years our incomes have been increasing and we ______A.we become rich quicklyB.are actually no better, if not worse, in our financial conditionC.can afford to buy more of the things that we wantD.don't care about inflation4.When money loses its value, ______.A.it is no longer stableB.the quality of products will become lowerC.products or articles will be much cheaperD.it is a good time to save more money for later use5.In a period of inflation, people ______A.invest more money on the stock marketB.buy a lot of cheaper goods or articlesC.save as much money as they canD.would rather spend money than save it