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2000年(上)全国英语(一)试卷3

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III. Reading comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each) 从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。 Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. The problem of leisure is new. Until very recent times people worked each day to the limit of their strength. Of course there were always a privileged (有特权的)few who had leisure; but most men had to work12, 14, or even 16 hours a day, six days a week. As late as 1840 the average factory worker labored 72 hours a week. "Sunup to sundown" was the farmer’s day, or as another phrase puts it, "from can to can’t." Today, working less than a 40-hour week, people enjoy more leisure time. Hence, the wise use of leisure time has become an important problem for everyone, young or old. It is a particularly difficult problem for the sick, the aged, and those who have retired from earning a living. Those people have so much leisure that it is hard for them to find interesting and worthwhile ways to use it . However short the work week becomes, work is still the most important part of life. We do not work to get leisure and the pleasures leisure brings us; rather, we use leisure wisely so that work itself can become awarding and enjoyable. The feeling of success at doing one’s daily work-whether it is a job, maintaining a home, or going to school- depends largely on coming to it each day with fresh energy and active interest. Leisure and recreation (消遗)go together, though they are not necessarily the same thing. "Recreation" has and obvious meaning. It is the kind of leisure activity that brings "re-creation" of strength and spirit. |When one speaks of making good use of leisure, he means choosing recreational activities which contribute to health, growth, and spirit. 21. The phrase "from can to can’t" in Paragraph 1 means ________. [a]from beginning to end [b]from birth to death [c]from morning to night [d]from time to time 22.How to spend leisure time wisely is not a particularly difficult problem for people _______. [a]who are very busy everyday [b]who are sick in bed [c]who are aged and in good health [d]who have retired from work 23.How does the author look at work and leisure? [a]We work hard so that we can enjoy more leisure. [b]We enjoy leisure so that we can come back to work with fresh energy. [c]Leisure can bring us a lot of pleasures that work can not. [d]The success of work has little to do with how we spend our leisure time. 24. What is the relationship between leisure and recreation, according to the author? [a]Leisure and recreation are closely related. [b]Leisure and recreation are identical. [c]Recreation covers all kinds of leisure activities. [d]Recreation does not belong to any leisure activity. 25. From the passage we know that __________. [a]leisure has been an old problem since ancient times [b]leisure can not be replaced as the most important part of life [c]our success in work is mostly determined by whether we use leisure wisely [d]good recreational activities contribute greatly to health, growth and spirit