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2001年4月份全国高等教育自学考试英语(二)试题及答案4

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Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. A number of recent books have reworked subjects, forms and writing techniques. Today’s children read stories about divorce, death, drugs, air pollution, political extremism and violence. Relying on the magic of the illustrator, all kinds of books are being published. Before they know to read, babies can play with books made of cloth or books made to take in the bath. Later on, they are given picture books that may be cubical(立 方形的)or triangular, outsized or very small. They also like work-books which come with watercolours and paintbrushes, and comic books(漫画册)filled with details where they have to spot a figure hidden among thousands of others. Not that the traditional children’s books are being neglected. There are still storybooks where the pages pop up(跳起)when they are opened, to make a forest or a castle. Among the latest ideas are interactive stories where readers choose the plot(情节)or ending they want, and books on CD, which are very popular in rich industrialized countries. The public has enthusiastically greeted the wealth of creativity displayed by publishers. "Previously, giving a child a book as often seen as improper," says Canadian author Marie-France Hebért. Her books, published by a French-language publisher, sell like hot cakes in hundreds of thousands of copies. "There’s a real appetite for reading these days and I try to get across to children the passion for reading which is food for the mind and the heart, like a medicine or a vitamin." 26."Reworked" as used in Paragraph 1 means "___________________". A、reworded B、rewritten C、processed D、revised 27.In the second paragraph the author lists the kinds of books ___________________. A、recently published B、of various shapes C、babies like D、popular among children 28.Which of the following statements is true? A、Books made of cloth came out earlier than picture books. B、When you buy work-books you will be given free comic books. C、Traditional children’s books are not being removed from market. D、Babies cannot have books while taking a bath. 29.The expression "get across to children" in the last paragraph probably means

"___________________". A、pass on to children B、make children believe C、teach children D、get around to children 30.The main idea of the last paragraph is that people have ___________________. A、warmly welcomed the abundance of wealth shown by publishers B、warmly welcomed the enormous amount of creativity shown by publishers C、showed great enthusiasm in publishers of treat wealty D、reacted strongly to the unlimited creativity of publishers Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. Every body gets sick. Disease and injury make us suffer throughout our lives until, finally, some attack on the body brings our existence to an end. Fortunately, most of us in modern industrialized societies can take relatively good health for granted most of the time. In fact, we tend to fully realize the importance of good health only when we or those close to us become seriously ill. At such times we keenly appreciate the ancient truth that health is our most precious asset, one for which we might readily give up such rewards as power, wealth, or fame(荣誉). Because ill health is universal problem, affecting both the individual and society, the human response to sickness is always socially organized. No society leaves the responsibility for maintaining health and treating ill health entirely to the individual. Each society develops its own concepts of health and sickness and authorizes certain people to decide who is sick and how the sick should be treated. Around this focus there arises, over time, a number of standards, values, groups, statuses, and roles: in other words, an institution(体系;机构).To the sociologist(社会学家), then, medicine is the institution concerned with the maintenance of health and treatment of disease. In the simplest pre-industrial societies, medicine is usually an aspect of religion. The social arrangements for dealing with sickness are very elementary, often involving only two roles: the sick and the healer(治疗者).The latter is typically also the priest(牧师), who relies primarily on religious ceremonies, both to identify and to treat disease: for example, bones may be thrown to establish a cause, songs may be used to bring about a cure. In modern industrialized societies, on the other hand, the institution has become highly complicated and specialized, including dozens of roles such as those of brain surgeon, druggist, hospital administrator, linked with various organizations such as nursing homes, insurance companies, and medical schools. Medicine, in fact, has become the subject of intense sociological interest precisely because it is now one of the most pervasive and costly institutions of modern society. 31.Which of the following statements is true according to Paragraph 1? A、Nowadays most people believe they can have fairly good health. B、Human life involves a great deal of pain and suffering. C、Most of us are aware of the full value of health. D、Ancient people believed that health was more expensive than anything else.