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全国2002年4月高等教育自学考试综合英语(二)试题4

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Ⅳ.阅读理解。认真阅读下列两篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并将选项号填在答题纸的相应位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Read the two passages and answer the questions.(10 points)(1)Making Use of Your Time Everybody wastes time.Instead of doing their lessons,students watch television,or go and enjoy themselves outside the campus(校园).Writers neglect their work,and wander up and down in the room making cups of coffee and daydreaming.They all have good intentions,but they keep putting off the moment when they must start work.As a consequence,they begin to feel guilty,and then waste even more time wishing they had not allowed themselves to be distracted. When someone else is organizing our time for us,as,for instance,during lessons or working hours,we do not necessarily work more efficiently,but at least we are subject to the discipline of a routine.It is when we are responsible for organizing our own time that the need for self-discipline arises.Self-employed people,particularly those engaged in such creative activities as writing,can only survive,let alone prosper,if they can organize their time efficiently. I know two writers who seem to me to have got to grips with(正确解决) the problem,but in quite different ways.Bob is extremely methodical(井井有条).He arrives at his office at 9 a.m. and is creative until 12∶30.At 2 p.m.,he returns to his desk and is creative until 5 p.m.,when he goes home and switches off until the following morning.Alan would deny that you can regulate your creativity in this way,by the clock as it were.He works in inspired bursts,often missing meals and sleep in order to get down on paper the ideas that are in his head.Such periods of intense activity are usually followed by days of laziness,when he walks around his flat,listening to Mozart or flicking through magazines. Their places of work reflect their styles.Bob's books are neatly arranged on the shelves by his desk.He can always find the books he wants,and there is not a single book in his office which is not directly relevant to his work.Alan,on the other hand,has books and magazines all over the place,some on shelves,some in piles on the floor and the table,still some even on or under the bed. Both Bob and Alan have managed to organize their lives in such a way that they are able to produce work of very high quality.Obviously,each works in the way that suits his character,and it would be foolish to take either as a model.All the same,there is a lot we can learn from them.For example,Bob has the excellent idea of setting targets for each week.As long as he is “on target,”he will occasionally take one afternoon off for relaxation without feeling guilty;he deliberately plans to waste time for recovery from tiredness.It seems to be a much better idea to relax and enjoy your time-wasting,rather than to feel guilty about it both at the time and afterwards.51.The author implies that a person who has wasted time should notA. waste any more time regretting it.B. feel uneasy or blame others.C. avoid being distracted a second time.D. try to make up for the lost time.52.Even if a writer can organize his time efficiently,heA. may not achieve much success.B. is unlikely to produce high quality work.C. still can't work creatively or productively.D. is less productive than people with regular jobs.53.Through the example of Bob and Alan,the author wants to showA. self-discipline is the most important in the profession of writing.B. creativity can never be regulated by devices such as a clock.C. one should not feel uneasy when wasting time once a target is hit.D. not bothering with small matters is a work style rather than a shortcoming.54.To make use of our time,we shouldA. keep warning ourselves against wasting time.B. set targets for each time unit.C. deliberately plan to waste time.D. work hard while working and enjoy ourselves while playing.55.The author suggests that wasting time can sometimes beA. necessary. B. shameful.C. productive. D. enjoyable.