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2001年4月份全国高等教育自学考试英语(二)试题及答案2

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II. Cloze Test(10 points, 1 point for each item) 下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出答案,并在答 题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。 Tourism is the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence(居住),the activities 11 during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to 12 their needs. Tourism is a luxury. Until recently, participation 13 restricted to the select few 14 could afford both the time and money to travel. 15 ,increased leisure and higher incomes have combined to enable more people to join in. Improvements in transportation, and the growth of inclusive(全包的)tours and other forms of relatively cheap vacation travel, have further 16 the opportunity to travel for pleasure. Today the majority of people in the developed world and increasing numbers in the developing countries are tourists 17 some time in their lives. Tourism is no longer the special right of a few but is an accepted and 18 expected part of the life-styles of a large and growing number of people. Tourism is 19 major economic and social significance. More than 270 million tourists spend $92 billion(US)annually in places outside their own countries. This is one of the largest items in the world’s foreign trade. With a world growth in visitor arrival rate of 20 6 per cent per year, tourism is also one of the fastest growing economic activities. It is the most important export industry and earner of foreign exchange in many countries. 11. A. undertaken B. to undertake C. undertaking D. undertook 12. A. demand B. request C. meet D. consider 13. A. is B. was C. will be D. were 14. A. they B. those C. who D. these 15. A. Moreover B. Therefore C. And D. However 16. A. extended B. intended C. tended D. pretended 17. A. in B. on C. over D. at 18. A. even B. still C. so D. yet 19. A. for B. of C. to D. after 20. A. considerably B. relatively C. significantly D. approximately